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more about NRDC

Department of Design and
Environmental Analysis,

Cornell University

 

      1.  External Consideration

      2.  Core & Envelope

      3.  Indoor Ecology

      4.  Material/Product Content

      5.  Ecotecture Worksheets

      6.  Additional information.

              7.  Redarrow.gif (61 bytes)  Case Studies

    Use the table of contents to go directly to specific topics

     

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DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

External Consideration

Design Outcome

N/A

Site Planning

Site Selection   X
Campus vs. High-Rise -high-rise
Solar Access & Orientation   X
Prevailing Winds   X
Adjacent Buildings - located within metropolitan district
Disturbance of site throughout construction   X
Construction Waste Management   X
Access/Egress & Circulation   X
Outdoor Lighting & Safety   X

Environmental Impact

Restoration & Preservation of Flora & Fauna   X
Groundwater control/ erosion control   X
Ecosystems (air, water, soil)   X

Transportation

Biking /Walking  - accessible
Mass Transit - available
Shuttle /Bus - available
Commuter Rideshare - available
Parking - limited availability

Noise & Vibration

Effect of surrounding noise & vibration on new buildings   X
Amount of noise released into environment - high insulation provides acoustical privacy

Core & Envelope

Design Considerations

N/A

Circulation

Stairwell Placement

X

Lighting, Heating & Cooling -gas-fired absorption system to save 47% of typical energy use
Wayfinding   X
Building Form /Shape   X
Energy Efficiency - 47% energy saved
Harmony w/Environment X

HVAC

Self-sufficient   X
Renewable Fuels   X
Fossil Fuels -gas-fired absorption system
Ventilation -ventilation fans are used to closely match the supply of the HVAC demand
Cooling System -air conditioning within gas-fired absorption system
HVAC Intake & Exhaust   X
Personal Environment Modules -personal climate control units installed in all perimeter offices to give people control over their own environment

 

Glazing

Lightshelves -lightshelves and architectural notches take full advantage of daylighting features

 

Daylighting Monitors

X

Occupancy Sensors

X

Superwindows -filled with argon these windows keep out unwanted heat from teh sun during the summer, and reflect heat back into office during winter  
South Facing Glass   X
Skylights & Clerestories -installed clerestory windows in the interior walls of the window offices
Courtyards & Atria   X

Insulation / Energy Efficiency

High Insulation - 3.5inches of fiberglass batt in walls to achieve an R-11 value
Low Emission - attached using a water-based non-toxic glue
Recyclable & Natural Materials - Straw used to create insulation
Earth Covered Building   X
Asbestos

X

Building Lifecycle/ Longevity

Adaptive Reuse   X
Monitoring Systems or Devices   X

Materials

Natural Materials -reduce or substitute for the use of wood wherever possible to reduce the pressure of excessive harvesting on out nation's forest
Recyclable & Renewable -use innovative, natural, renewable, recycled, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Local Materials -local materials utilized when available
Non-toxic/ Low-toxicity -use low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Harmony w/Environment -downtown metropolitan area

Roofing

Storm Water Drainage   X
Roof Top Units   X
Solar Units   X
Indoor Ecology Design Considerations N/A

Space Planning

Smaller spaces w/large group areas   X
Shared spaces   X
Telecommuters   X

Indoor Air Quality

Air Changes per hour

X

Smoking Policy - no smoking policy

 

Air Filtration - filtration part of HVAC system

 

Natural Ventilation - no operable windows  
Building Materials -natural and synthetic, non-toxic materials used
"Breathing Skin"   X
Pesticide Use   X
Indoor Flora   X

Lighting

Natural Daylighting -optimization of natural daylighting through light shelves
Artificial Lighting -task/ambient lighting strategy used to minimize the amount of electric lighting required in the office, -use of T-8 tri-phosphor and compact fluorescent lamps
Circuiting & Switching -differential lighting levels
Material / Product Content Design Considerations N/A

Furniture

Natural & Recycled - certified wood
Raw Materials   X
Acquisition -  manufacturers practice eco-friendly acquisition
Processing & Mfr. - utilize manufacturers who practice sustainable processes
Product Distribution - local materials
No / Low Emissions - use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Renewability   X

Walls & Partitions

Natural & Recycled - stramit core doors, recycled gypsum, wheatboard, gridcore
Raw Materials - straw and synthetic gypsum
Acquisition -excessive straw grown and is difficult to dispose of, used to create walls, -eliminate need for mining gypsum
Processing & Mfr. -utilize manufacturers who practice sustainable processes
Product Distribution -local materials
No / Low Emissions -use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Renewability   X

Fabrics

Natural & Recycled - DesignTex- William McDonough textiles
Raw Materials   X
Acquisition - acquired through eco-friendly processes
Processing & Mfr. -utilize manufacturers who practice sustainable processes
Product Distribution   X
No / Low Emissions -use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Renewability   X

Flooring & Carpeting

Natural & Recycled -natural linoleum flooring, stoneware alabaster tile,- Amber Wave by Interface Inc. which contains a small amount of recycled nylon and is solution dyed
Raw Materials   X
Acquisition -  manufacturers practice eco-friendly acquisition
Processing & Mfr. -utilize manufacturers who practice sustainable processes
Product Distribution - local materials used when available
No / Low Emissions -use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes, environmentally- friendly adhesive
Renewability

Appliances

Natural & Recycled   X
Raw Materials   X
Acquisition -  manufacturers practice eco-friendly acquisition
Processing & Mfr. -utilize manufacturers who practice sustainable processes
Product Distribution - local materials used when available  
No / Low Emissions -use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Renewability -sun frost refrigerator, Bosch dishwasher -energy efficient and environmentally friendly equipment

Finishes & Laminates

Natural & Recycled - use of recycled and natural laminates
Raw Materials   X
Acquisition -  manufacturers practice eco-friendly acquisition
Processing & Mfr. -utilize manufacturers who practice sustainable processes
Product Distribution - local materials used when available
No / Low Emissions -use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Renewability - recyclable products

Products

Natural or Recycled - used throughout office building
Product Distribution - use local materials & products
No / Low Emissions -use innovative, natural, renewable, low-toxic materials to reduce toxic emissions from unsustainable manufacturing processes
Disposal & Renewability

X

Cornell University, April 1999